When I bought my .223 gauges the write-up in the description said they were the same. They at least said .223 could be used in 5.56. They are Forester; the link above seems to be a statement meant to cover some prior miss information.
All that being said, I have checked a dozen rifles with mine. Up until the last one all 5.56 rifles I checked closed on both the go and no-go, but not on the field. Good enough. Now I have one Saber Defense target barrel that is chambered for .223. On that barrel the go closed, but not the no-go or field, just what you are told should happen. So far I have been disappointed with this barrel, despite trying many hand loads and a 25 power scope on a solid bench rest my best groups have been just under 2 MOA.
Anyway I had a 20” DPMS bull barrel in inventory chambered for 5.56. I recently put it on an upper, and checked the spacing. The bolt would NOT close on ANY of the .223 gages??? Now everything I’ve read said if the barrel extension was put on by a reputable manufacture don’t worry about it. So I took it out and very carefully test fired it (with a string from behind a truck).
Disclaimer “I don’t recommend this to anyone” but it shot just fine. I have used both .223, and 5.56 factory ammo with NO problems. In fact this rifle with a 9-power scope shoots circles around any I’ve shot. Well under 1 MOA. So I guess what they say about the tighter the chamber the tighter the groups is true.
BUT what does this say about headspacing gauges???