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9/19/2017 7:27:10 PM
Posted: 2/1/2006 7:54:44 AM EDT
[Last Edit: 2/1/2006 7:51:59 PM EDT by Grunteled]
Looks like some good changes are being proposed, namely it looks to lower the bar from your attacker using deadly force to a reasonable fear of phyisical injury. That would be a nice change to see. I noticed it on WMSA's site and I thought it might be worth some members time to support. Ups the legal protection if you do have to use DF as well.

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HB1461 - DEFENSIVE USE OF FORCE - Ruestman, Marilyn
< www.house.mo.gov/bills061/bills/hb1461.htm >
HB1461. Changes the laws regarding defensive use of force.
Referred: Special Committee on General Laws (H).
http://www.house.mo.gov/bills061/bills/hb1461.htm
Summary: This bill allows the justifiable use of deadly force in
several new circumstances against persons who pose an imminent threat of
harm. The duty to retreat before using either deadly force or mere
physical force is not required as long as the person using deadly force
or physical force is not unlawfully present at the location where the
altercation occurs.
Anyone who takes actions that create a reasonable fear of imminent
harm in another person and who unlawfully enters or remains in vehicles,
ships, airplanes, churches, schools, government offices, entertainment
establishments, public transportation, or any structure where a person
lives or conducts business may be subject to the legitimate use of
deadly force.
Anyone who uses force in a lawful manner will be immune from both
civil and criminal penalties. If anyone sues a person who is ultimately
found to have acted lawfully in using defensive force, the plaintiff and
his or her attorney must pay court costs and any expenses incurred by
the defendant as a result of the lawsuit.



HB1110 - USE OF DEFENSIVE FORCE - Wood, Dennis
< www.house.mo.gov/bills061/bills/hb1110.htm> [See HB1461]
HB1110. Specifies that a person with the lawful right to be in a
particular place who fears death or physical injury from another person
may use defensive force against that person without criminal
prosecution. Referred: Special Committee on General Laws (H).
http://www.house.mo.gov/bills061/bills/hb1110.htm
Link Posted: 2/1/2006 10:19:47 AM EDT
Link Posted: 2/1/2006 1:21:26 PM EDT
Mike,

how does this bill compare to Florida's Castle Doctrine?

I like the language though.

oz
Link Posted: 2/1/2006 1:35:52 PM EDT
I was wondering how it compared to the Castle Doctrine myself. Excellent find indeed!
Link Posted: 2/1/2006 7:55:17 PM EDT
[Last Edit: 2/2/2006 7:34:57 AM EDT by Grunteled]
Here's the full text of the first bill. As a camper, I appreciate the addition of my tent in the language of this It's fairly similar though. In Florida, by statute, outside your home you still have to prove that you reasonably believed you were about to meet with deadly force or serious injury. Even under the new "Stand your ground provisions".



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INTRODUCED BY REPRESENTATIVES RUESTMAN (Sponsor), WOOD, JONES, WILSON (130), WHORTON, MUNZLINGER, FAITH, HOBBS, SELF, WILSON (119), MOORE, SMITH (150), DIXON, PHILLIPS, DOUGHERTY, EMERY, WASSON, SMITH (118), SANDER, MAY, NOLTE, BIVINS, WRIGHT (159), CHINN, QUINN, VILLA, AVERY, HUNTER, DUSENBERG, BEHNEN, ERVIN, DETHROW, NANCE, MUSCHANY, WELLS, SCHAAF, FRANZ, DENISON, CHAPPELLE-NADAL, FLOOK, NIEVES, JETTON, COOPER (120), BEARDEN, ROARK, JACKSON, DAY, THRELKELD, ROBB, SCHLOTTACH, DAVIS, KINGERY, SILVEY, FISHER, SATER, SCHAD AND LEMBKE (Co-sponsors).

Read 1st time January19, 2006 and copies ordered printed.

STEPHEN S. DAVIS, Chief Clerk

4370L.03I



AN ACT

To repeal sections 563.011, 563.031, and 563.041, RSMo, and to enact in lieu thereof five new sections relating to the use of force.


Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the state of Missouri, as follows:

Section A. Sections 563.011, 563.031, and 563.041, RSMo, are repealed and five new sections enacted in lieu thereof, to be known as sections 563.011, 563.031, 563.041, 563.042, and 563.074 to read as follows:

563.011. As used in this chapter the following terms shall mean:

(1) "Deadly force" means physical force which the actor uses with the purpose of causing or which he knows to create a substantial risk of causing death or serious physical injury[.];

(2) "Dwelling" [means], any building [or], inhabitable structure, [though movable or temporary, or a portion thereof, which is for the time being the actor's home or place of lodging.] or conveyance, of any kind, including any attached porch, whether the building, inhabitable structure, or conveyance is temporary or permanent, mobile or immobile, which has a roof over it, including a tent, and is designed to be occupied by people lodging therein at night, together with the curtilage of the building, inhabitable structure, or conveyance;

(3) "Enter unlawfully or remain unlawfully", a person enters unlawfully or remains unlawfully in or upon premises when he or she is not licensed or privileged to do so. A person who, regardless of his or her purpose, enters or remains in or upon premises which are at the time open to the public does so with license and privilege unless he or she defies a lawful order not to enter or remain, personally communicated to him or her by the owner of such premises or by other authorized person. A license or privilege to enter or remain in a building which is only partly open to the public is not a license or privilege to enter or remain in that part of the building which is not open to the public;

(4) "Forcible felony", any felony which involves the use or threat of physical force or violence against any individual including but not limited to murder, robbery, burglary, arson, kidnapping, assault, and any sexual offense;

(5) "Inhabitable structure", includes a ship, trailer, sleeping car, airplane, or other vehicle or structure:

(a) Where any person lives or carries on business or other calling; or

(b) Where people assemble for purposes of business, government, education, religion, entertainment, or public transportation; or

(c) Which is used for overnight accommodation of persons.



Any such vehicle or structure is "inhabitable" regardless of whether a person is actually present;

[(3)] (6) "Premises", includes any building, inhabitable structure and any real property.

[(4)] (7) "Private person" [means], any person other than a law enforcement officer[.]:

(8) "Residence", a dwelling in which a person resides either temporarily or permanently or is visiting as an invited guest.

563.031. 1. A person may, subject to the provisions of subsection 2 of this section, use physical force upon another person when and to the extent he or she reasonably believes such force to be necessary to defend himself or herself or a third person from what he or she reasonably believes to be the use or imminent use of unlawful force by such other person, unless:

(1) The actor was the initial aggressor; except that in such case his or her use of force is nevertheless justifiable provided:

(a) He or she has withdrawn from the encounter and effectively communicated such withdrawal to such other person but the latter persists in continuing the incident by the use or threatened use of unlawful force; or

(b) He or she is a law enforcement officer and as such is an aggressor pursuant to section 563.046; or

(c) The aggressor is justified under some other provision of this chapter or other provision of law;

(2) Under the circumstances as the actor reasonably believes them to be, the person whom he or she seeks to protect would not be justified in using such protective force[.];

(3) The actor was attempting to commit, committing, or escaping after the commission of, a forcible felony.

2. A person may not use deadly force upon another person under the circumstances specified in subsection 1 of this section unless he or she reasonably believes that such deadly force is necessary to protect himself or herself or another against death, serious physical injury, rape, sodomy or kidnapping or serious physical injury through robbery, burglary or arson; or against a person who unlawfully enters, remains, or attempts to enter a dwelling, residence, or vehicle lawfully occupied by the actor.

3. The justification afforded by this section extends to the use of physical restraint as protective force provided that the actor takes all reasonable measures to terminate the restraint as soon as it is reasonable to do so.

4. The defendant shall have the burden of injecting the issue of justification under this section.

563.041. 1. A person may, subject to the limitations of subsection 2, use physical force upon another person when and to the extent that he or she reasonably believes it necessary to prevent what he or she reasonably believes to be the commission or attempted commission by such person of stealing, property damage or tampering in any degree.

2. A person may use deadly force under circumstances described in subsection 1 only when such use of deadly force is authorized under other sections of this chapter.

3. The justification afforded by this section extends to the use of physical restraint as protective force provided that the actor takes all reasonable measures to terminate the restraint as soon as it is reasonable to do so.

4. A person does not have a duty to retreat if the person is in a place where he or she is not entering or remaining unlawfully.

5. The defendant shall have the burden of injecting the issue of justification under this section.

563.042. A person does not have a duty to retreat from a dwelling, residence, vehicle, or place where the person is not entering or remaining unlawfully.

563.074. 1. Notwithstanding the provisions of section *563.016, a person who uses force as described in sections 563.031, 563.041, 563.042, 563.046, 563.051, 563.056, and 563.061 is justified in using such force and is immune from criminal prosecution and civil action for the use of such force.

2. The court shall award attorney's fees, court costs, compensation for loss of income, and all expenses incurred by the defendant in defense of any civil action brought by a plaintiff if the court finds that the defendant is immune from prosecution as provided in subsection 1 of this section. The plaintiff and the plaintiff's attorney are jointly and severally liable to the defendant for the payment of fees and costs.


*563.016 - The fact that conduct is justified under this chapter does not abolish or impair any remedy for such conduct which is available in any civil actions.
That's big right there!!! Without modification by 563.074 you were left to twist on any civil case by the above and "wrongful death" suits can be and are brought on justified shootings.

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I would still like to see a little softening of the definition of "serious physical injury". The best I could find was a case, "Phinezy Johnson, Appellant v. State of Missouri, Respondent":


As used in section 565.072, the phrase "serious physical injury" means "physical injury that creates a substantial risk of death or that causes serious disfigurement or protracted loss or impairment of the function of any part of the body."


That still seems to leave you open to a serious beating and pain without giving you complete legal cover for the use of deadly physical force when out in public. I thought this was doing that but from the language it is not altering the situations except to add unlawful entry into private dwelling to the list.
Link Posted: 2/1/2006 8:25:09 PM EDT
[Last Edit: 2/1/2006 8:25:55 PM EDT by -Duke-Nukem-]
Link Posted: 2/6/2006 3:42:03 AM EDT

......... run away crying like a cop at Columbine High School first.


Nice. Excellent way to put it.
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