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*** news flash...I actually found something interesting..
Inch per hundred yards (IPHY) is what is also called "shooter's MOA" which allows for the relation of linear and angular distances since in that application it makes sense... where as on a grand scale in other mathematical applications it wouldn't make sense. Mike. 


Geometrically you are correct, but since you have a Isosceles triangle with two 100 yd sides and an 1 inch side, the actual difference between the length of the 1 minute of arc section and the 1 inch of the triangle are very close to zero.
To do the math, 60 x 360 x 1 inch = 21600 inches and 100 x 36 x 2 * pi = 22618 inches so the difference is about .05% 


Your diagram = Fail
Think about it some more and get back to us. 


Originally Posted By rarelyaccurate:
Your diagram = Fail Think about it some more and get back to us. Ummm.. do explain your reasoning. Mike. 


You are WAY overthinking this! Quite simply, MOA is a constant, regardless of distance, 1MOA is 1MOA. It's easier to compare accuracy between groups by stating the results in MOA than in inches because you then also have to state how far away the target was. Whereas if you say you shot a 1.5 minute group, it doesn't matter how far away the target was, it's still 1.5moa. Guys bragging about shooting a .5" group make me laugh. What was the range? I go out and shoot .25" groups all the time, at 25 yards... so that's a 1 moa group. THIS is a number we can work with, compare to other groups, etc... if I'm told I missed my target by 2 inches, well again, that doesn't tell me much. Now, if you told me I missed my target by 2 minutes, I could work with that, adjust my POA or sights with that. THIS is the point to using MOA in relation to sights/shooting.



Originally Posted By russellmn:
You are WAY overthinking this! Quite simply, MOA is a constant, regardless of distance, 1MOA is 1MOA. It's easier to compare accuracy between groups by stating the results in MOA than in inches because you then also have to state how far away the target was. Whereas if you say you shot a 1.5 minute group, it doesn't matter how far away the target was, it's still 1.5moa. Guys bragging about shooting a .5" group make me laugh. What was the range? I go out and shoot .25" groups all the time, at 25 yards... so that's a 1 moa group. THIS is a number we can work with, compare to other groups, etc... if I'm told I missed my target by 2 inches, well again, that doesn't tell me much. Now, if you told me I missed my target by 2 minutes, I could work with that, adjust my POA or sights with that. THIS is the point to using MOA in relation to sights/shooting. I'm not overthinking.... I understand exactly how it all works.. what I'm just trying to show is how measuring a group in MOA isn't accurate mathematically. And ya.... the whole MOA thing has to be at a distance.. I always say my 308 is sub 0.3MOA out to 600yds if I my part(which it is) I'm just saying that if you say you have a 1MOA group at 100yds and you have a 1" group at 100yds that its two totally different things... when you measure the linear distance of a group on a target with MOA you are using a angular measurement unit to measure constant linear distances.... And this is apperently called "shooter's MOA" which is simply said that 1MOA is 1" per 100yds... which if you call it shooter's MOA that works... but say that it is "true" MOA is false. MIke. 


you'll never get any pussy if you try to talk about fucking with a female using your argumentative 'logic'; resolve to be lonely, with on forearm more developed than the other.


TENNESSEE SQUIRE
SS17 DDSS17 PACK LARUE Proud Member of Ranstad's Militia... The Fantastic Bastards 
Originally Posted By FiftyCalAl:
you'll never get any pussy if you try to talk about fucking with a female using your argumentative 'logic'; resolve to be lonely, with on forearm more developed than the other. Definitely don't have a problem in that department, but thanks for your concern. Mike. 


Originally Posted By Andr0id:
Geometrically you are correct, but since you have a Isosceles triangle with two 100 yd sides and an 1 inch side, the actual difference between the length of the 1 minute of arc section and the 1 inch of the triangle are very close to zero. To do the math, 60 x 360 x 1 inch = 21600 inches and 100 x 36 x 2 * pi = 22618 inches so the difference is about .05% The difference is actually 4.7%... 


Originally Posted By mikeg1005: which if you call it shooter's MOA that works... but say that it is "true" MOA is false. So basically what you're arguing is semantics? We're not using MOA in the mathematical world, we're using it in the shooter's world. So we've adapted it to what we need it to be. Maybe the people in the math world don't understand us, but they don't need to. The shooters understand us, and that's all we need. Arguing semantics, whether it be clip and magazine or "true" MOA and "shooter's" MOA is just annoying. 

Remember, Remember, the 5th of November

Originally Posted By RTS:
The difference is actually 4.7%... I get 4.6 percent difference and 4.5 percent error. 


Once someone consistantly gets to the point in their shooting skill that the .05% difference is all that is holding them back from perfection, I will be happy to give a shit.


A nation of well informed men who have been taught to know and prize the rights which God has given them cannot be enslaved. It is in the region of ignorance that tyranny begins. Benjamin Franklin

Mike, I'm an engineer, and my wife who also shoots is an ME.
We have had this discussion as well, and came out to a similar conclusion. We think MOA gets misused, but you have to put it in context, when it comes up at the range we just bite our tongue. As for tt350z's diagram, I like it, secant is really what counts However I think that at 5000 yards you'll also have the curvature of the earth to compensate for, the fat dude will be lower on the horizon making an even smaller target. 


I'm pretty sure that with BertrilliumZantitium (topsecret stuff, google can only find it on counter sniper's website) multicoated optics on counter sniper scopes, it absorbs light from beyond the horizon, so fat guy is visible.
It'll also direct my rifles laser beam along the same path 


Originally Posted By tt350z:
I'm pretty sure that with BertrilliumZantitium (topsecret stuff, google can only find it on counter sniper's website) multicoated optics on counter sniper scopes, it absorbs light from beyond the horizon, so fat guy is visible. It'll also direct my rifles laser beam along the same path I stand corrected, and since the gravity of the earth would effect both the incoming light and your out going laser identically, your shot would be spot on. 


Since this horse is still getting beat with a clown bat, I'll chime in again...
1 moa is a cone, extending to infinity. It's not a linear measurement, if you put a target at 100 yards and a 1moa cone can cover all your shots, that's a 1 moa group. 1 moa isn't 1" at 100yds. it has a linear separation of 1.047" per 100yds. But it's still a cone that you're trying to put all your rounds inside. There is no arc for a third side, because there is no third side. 


There is no spoon.


"In religion and politics, people's beliefs and convictions are in almost every case gotten second hand, and without examination."  Mark Twain.
"Hey! I'm Batman!" 
Maybe I'm underthinking this...
I just count clicks till I hit what I'm aiming at. 


Technically a angle subtends a specific distance.


In the real world offcampus, good marksmanship trumps good will.

I'm not sure what you're trying to argue. The arclength is very close to 1" and has a nice property of staying proportional with the distance from center of the circle (your bore) to the arc (your target.)
So to say one is within 1MOA for their groups, both the horizontal and vertical strings are within that arclength of 1.047". A minute of an arc is nothing more than the measurement of the angle and not distance. It's the arclength that is what shooters are using when they say "MOA" and it's well excepted as such. So your statement here is off: "It is just so happens to be that at 100yds the angular measurement of 1 MOA is 1.047"... for simplicity we simply round it down to 1" as the difference is less than 5%" The "angular measurement" of 1MOA is... 1MOA. It's 1/21,600 degrees. 1/4" @ 100yds is a correct assignment as the scope is not describing the angle but the change in distance on the target itself. You're right in saying that a MOA does not describe a distance but an angle is absolutely correct. But when we refer to "MOA" we are actually describing the arclength which is indeed a measure of distance. 


I can get a good look at a butcher's ass by sticking my head up there, but I would rather take the bull's word for it....... Wait........ It's gotta be your bull.



Mike, I think you have wasted you time, not only posting this, but thinking about it........try doing a little more shooting........



I'd be willing to bet that the "100 yard berm" at your range isn't exactly 100 yards from..... where? the front of the bench? The back of the bench? The muzzle of your rifle? And is the bench in the shape of an arc whose center is the aforementioned target? Doubt it.
The odometer of your car probably isn't exactly right, but who cares? It's close enough. Same with MOA=1". 


Originally Posted By Beavis556:
I can get a good look at a butcher's ass by sticking my head up there, but I would rather take the bull's word for it....... Wait........ It's gotta be your bull. must important thing i pulled out of this thread.. We should just let MOA and complicated things be :P 


Close enough.....although at longer ranges that extra .047" starts to add up. Remember it is 1.047 inches at 100 yds, 2.094 at 200,, etc....etc....
What I have found when instructing new shooters is that one of the first mistakes they make is they will use 1/4" adjustments for every distance......which is wrong, For scopes using 1/4" @ 100 yds adjustments remember that it is different at different ranges for each click in elevation/windage on the turrets: Example: 1/4" = 100 1/2" = 200 3/4" = 300 1" = 400 For most shooters that shoot out to about 600 yards it is close enough and practical enough to just use an inch = 1 MOA. It will put you well withing the killzone every time. 

"Son when you learn how to deal with the assholes in the world you'll do good in life" Dad
"Last of the Rebels" What we have here are two diametrically opposed assholes trying to occupy the same point and place in time 
MOA in respect to rifle shooting isn't even a true cone. Rather it is a cone like representation of extreme spread which arcs downward and leeward at an accelerating rate. Yet, I resist going on a tangent about it. time to sin off



1 MOA = 1" @ 100 yards
2" @ 200 yards 3" @ 300 yards 4" @ 400 yards 5" @ 500 yards Quit over thinking this. In reality the .047" doesn't really add up that fast, it comes out to less than 1/2" @ 1000 yards, at which point 1 MOA = 10 inches so that minute deviation is mostly irrelevant. 


Originally Posted By MatthewCourtney:
MOA in respect to rifle shooting isn't even a true cone. Rather it is a cone like representation of extreme spread which arcs downward and leeward at an accelerating rate. Yet, I resist going on a tangent about it. time to sin off don't post that, he might think into it more and try to take the earth's rotation into account. oops....... 


this thread was very entertaining, thanks.



So I have a question.
So we have a few folks that are concerned about MOA not being exact. What is your fix? You have pointed out that we as shooters use MOA incorrectly. Have you engineered the new correct targeting system? 


So I have a question.
So we have a few folks that are concerned about MOA not being exact. What is your fix? You have pointed out that we as shooters use MOA incorrectly. Have you engineered the new correct targeting system? 


Originally Posted By Ch0wd3r:
Maybe I'm underthinking this... I just count clicks till I hit what I'm aiming at. LOL. 

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Makers of all things LaRue  the Stealth Uppers, the OBR in 5.56 and 7.62, the PredatAR in both 5.56 and 7.62, the best QD mounts known to mankind ... and so on. 
The only way to reform people is to kill them.
AZ, USA

I am not an engineer and have only a basic understanding of MOA and still don't get it real solid yet but here ya go.
A more indepth explanation of MOA MOA Explained 
The human body is the only machine that breaks down from lack of use
Current: Pushups 119,419 Pullups 46,332 Dips 31,623 
This was one of the better posts I have read in a while. Drama, comedy, horror with a little documentary thrown in. A+



You're beating a dead horse.
For all practical purposes, 1 MOA = ~1" @ 100 yards. The linear measurement of the arc is really 1.047", as you understand. Unless the target was concave to the same concavity of the arc of 1/60th of 1* at 100yds.... the length would never be 1MOA.
I challenge you to find a paper target hung on any range in the country that is perfectly planar and normal to the firing line. I guarantee you that your paper target is going to have some "flex" (for lack of a better word) that will likely exceed the curvature of a sphere with a radius of 100 yards. So, yes, you're technically correct. In the real world, however, the differences are what the physicists call negligible and are of no consequence to even the tightestassed bullseye shooters. ETA, that 1.047" MOA measurement is really the length of a chord intersecting your circle at the upper and lower contact points of your 1 minute arc, so it's not really along the surface of the arc. This is what happens when you try to measure a curved surface with a planar measuring device. 

It's like putting on crampons and walking through a room full of puppies.



I have been asked to point out that I am LaRue Tactical's owner.
My work has been used by tens of thousands of US Military personnel, and tens of thousands of civilian shooters  ML 
Originally Posted By mikeg1005:
This comes from a discussion on another gun forum.... I came to realize that we as a shooting community have adopted the phrase MOA as a term to describe accuracy/linear distance/angular distance. I think we are doing it wrong... but simply stick with it for the sake of not getting into a semantics battle to understand eachother. So here's my understanding. MOA = minute of angle/minute of arc. 1 MOA is the angular measurement of 1/60th of 1 degree on a 360* circle. It is just so happens to be that at 100yds the angular measurement of 1 MOA is 1.047"... for simplicity we simply round it down to 1" as the difference is less than 5% So... when we look at our scope... it says on the top... 1/4" @ 100yds or 1/4MOA @ 100yds... My opinion is that the first labelling of (1/4" @ 100yds) is inaccurate and simply done not to confuse people... and here's why. MOA is the angular distance between the infinitely long line drawn through the crosshairs of the scope and the infinintely long line drawn through the center of the barrel... When we adjust our scopes we are changing the ANGLE of those lines... which intern would change the angular distance between them at said distance... If you do "one click" on a 1/4MOA adjustment scope you have changed the angular distance by 1/4MOA at 100yds of the arc of the angle... this is correct. If one says you are changing the angular distance by 1/4" at 100yds you would be wrong as you are using a linear measurment to describe a angular distance.. because linear distance doesn't change at different yardage... 1/4" at 100yds is 1/4" at 1000yds... 1MOA at 100yds doesn't have the same distance as 1MOA at 1000yds. Same thing with targets... One can say that their gun is a "1 MOA gun" this means that the extreme spead of the bullet impacts will be at or within a 1MOA angle at any distances... this is mathematically correct. To say that one has a 1MOA group at 100yds which equals 1" is wrong...here is why... You are saying that the LINEAR distance between your extreme spread of bullet holes is 1"... then you are saying that it is also 1MOA... this is wrong as you are expressing a LINEAR distance on paper using a ANGULAR measurement unit. Here's a picture of what I mean... http://i288.photobucket.com/albums/ll200/mikeg1005/MOA.jpg Unless the target was concave to the same concavity of the arc of 1/60th of 1* at 100yds.... the length would never be 1MOA. I know I am way over thinking it... but what do you guys think? I was just thinking about it and realized that we are using the mathematical terms wrong/not understanding why(I hate being in engineering) Mike. View Quote Figured there was no way you weren't an engineer or math geek... For most people 1" at 100 is one MOA. Period. End of story and who cares. Add it to the list of things made simple for the greater good. But take comfort that a small percentage of people will understand, and care about the concavity, but without some really complicated instruments and target production the true 1 MOA will never be reached. If it makes you feel better, I actually did start thinking about how i could create a curved target... I'm a science geek with an aversion to statistics who also is incredibly mechanically inclined... So does this mean i have to rescind my 1 MOA shooter status and redo it on a revamped target?? Or that myself and the other MOA's really didn't accomplish anything except making some really small groups??? sigh... [kicks dirt and shuffles back to work] 

Many people fail because they quit too soon.

What a ridiculous thread.
An MOA gun can't shoot 1" groups at 100 yards and 5" groups at 500 yards. Groups don't work like that. Groups open up with more rounds OR more distance and no gun holds its angular group size from one distance to another unless you decrease round count. This is statistical fact in real world use. I shoot mils. MOA is for Fudds. 


I believe MILs operate just like MOAs with respect to this conversation.
(from the web, credit loose rounds) "There are 360 degrees in a circle and each degree is divided into 60 minutes. If we round to the nearest 1/100 of an inch, at 100 yards 1 degree measures 62.83 inches. One MOA, 1/60 of that, measures 1.047" "What is a MIL? MILS (milliradians) is another angular measurement. There are 6.2832 (p x 2) radians per circle. There are 1,000 mils per radian so, there are 6,283.2 mils in a circle. There are 21,600 MOA in a circle, so a little quick division determines there are 3.4377 MOA per mil. At 100 yards, 3.4377 MOA equals 3.599 inches (3.4377 x 1.047). Rounded up, one mil equals 3.6 inches at 100 yards." (back to my feeble brain) At the end of the day you're dealing with the same types of measurements. Range, angular divergence and a secant at a known range. So as to your comment MOA's are for fudds… No they aren't. They're for people who shoot known ranges, like to move things more precisely (.1 mil at 100 yards=.36" while .25 MOA is REALLY close to 1/4" at 100, there are also 1/8" click target scopes) MIL's are the easy button for many as long as you have a MIL reticle AND MIL turrets but they less precise. So are you a target shooter or do you shoot in varying conditions at varying ranges and like using ballistic computers? To your final comment about groups always opening up from 100 to infinity. The physical size of the group will absolutely get larger. The MOA may vary at ranges. (from people way smarter than me, credit american rifleman online….) "Dave Emary is one of the top ballisticians in the firearm industry. Officially he is Hornady Ammunition’s Chief Ballistic Scientist. He is a contributor to the world standard of guns and ballistics, SAAMI (Sporting Arms and Manufacturers Institute). This organization is comprised of mathematical and technical geniuses and they don’t spout B.S. Emary said, “It’s not very common, but yes it is possible. It is primarily with very heavy for caliber and long for caliber bullets or bullets that are grossly overstabilized. In both these cases it can take the bullet a long time to “go to sleep” or to damp out all the “wobble” from the muzzle. This would cause the bullet to shoot better at longer ranges than at short ranges. Several cartridges that exhibit this behavior are the .338 Lapua and the 50 BMG.” I agree with one of the earlier post. This is a pretty good read. Has comedy, drama, some good facts and the stick art is amazing! Merry Christmas 


Originally Posted By tt350z:
Here's how I see it. My newest rifle happens to shoot laser beams, it is also equipped with the latest and greatest counter sniper scopes by dark ops (you know the titanium tube and BertrilliumZantitium multicoated optics). The target is a real short fat bastard, I don't give a fuck about his bodies arc in MOA. The only thing I'm concerned about is how tall he is in a straight line from head to toe (secant). He stands 51 inches tall. I'm gonna make a head shot on a guy at 5,000 yards, but I need to dial in 1 IPHY (50 inches at 5k yards) for a perfect headshot. If I dialed in 1 MOA instead (52.35inches at 5k yards) I miss high over his head by 1.35 inches, and 2.35 inches over my POA, DOH! Who cares what length the arc is measured in, MOA or IPHY it's irrelevant. What's important is the secant, or better known as the straight line cutting the circle at 2 points. http://i778.photobucket.com/albums/yy62/tt350z/moa5.jpg View Quote 

Originally Posted By fiver:
There is no part of a woman I won't put my mouth on. 
what the fuck?



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