Warning

 

Close

Confirm Action

Are you sure you wish to do this?

Confirm Cancel
Member Login
Site Notices
9/22/2017 12:11:25 AM
Posted: 12/15/2003 5:26:37 AM EDT
The Bill of Rights, Ratified 15 December 1791

The Conventions of a number of the States having, at the time of adopting the Constitution, expressed a desire, in order to prevent misconstruction or abuse of its powers, that further declaratory and restrictive clauses should be added, and as extending the ground of public confidence in the Government will best insure the beneficent ends of its institution;

Resolved, by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, two-thirds of both Houses concurring, that the following articles be proposed to the Legislatures of the several States, as amendments to the Constitution of the United States; all or any of which articles, when ratified by three-fourths of the said Legislatures, to be valid to all intents and purposes as part of the said Constitution, namely:


Amendment I
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.


Amendment II
A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed.


Amendment III
No soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.


Amendment IV
The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.


Amendment V
No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service in time of war or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.


Amendment VI
In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the state and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of counsel for his defense.


Amendment VII
In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise reexamined in any court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.


Amendment VIII
Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.


Amendment IX
The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.


Amendment X
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.



There were actually twelve amendments proposed but the first two were not ratified.

Article the First. (Never Ratified)
After the first enumeration required by the first article of the Constitution, there shall be one Representative for every thirty thousand, until the number shall amount to one hundred, after which the proportion shall be so regulated by Congress, that there shall be not less than one hundred Representatives, nor less than one Representative for every forty thousand persons, until the number of Representatives shall amount to two hundred; after which the proportion shall be so regulated by Congress, that there shall not be less than two hundred Representatives, nor more than one Representative for every fifty thousand Persons.

Article the Second. (Ratified in 1992)
No law, varying the compensation for the services of the Senator and Representatives, shall take effect, until an election of Representatives shall have intervened.



Link Posted: 12/15/2003 6:59:15 AM EDT
Yep, Bill of Rights day.
Link Posted: 12/15/2003 7:12:17 AM EDT
Gee, I wonder if the nine dwarves will encourage all Americans to celebrate this momentous occasion ???? NOT LIKELY.
Link Posted: 12/15/2003 7:38:25 AM EDT
[Last Edit: 12/15/2003 7:39:05 AM EDT by The_Macallan]
There were actually twelve amendments proposed but the first two were not ratified.
[b]Article the First.[/b] (Never Ratified) After the first enumeration required by the first article of the Constitution, there shall be one Representative for every thirty thousand, until the number shall amount to one hundred, after which the proportion shall be so regulated by Congress, that there shall be not less than one hundred Representatives, nor less than one Representative for every forty thousand persons, until the number of Representatives shall amount to two hundred; after which the proportion shall be so regulated by Congress, that there shall not be less than two hundred Representatives, nor more than one Representative for every fifty thousand Persons.
View Quote
View Quote
An interesting point about this "First Amendment" that never got ratified - it really shows how important the Founding Fathers believed in keeping Congressional Representive's constuents to a relatively SMALL number. A smaller population for each Congressional district STRENGTHENED the voice each individual citizen had in their Gov't and forced the representatives to be more "in-tune" with their people - rather than today where a single citizen's opinion or vote has almost no real significance to any representative. [u]Some numbers to ponder:[/u] 1790: Total population: 3,893,874 people. 1791: 105 Representatives. Average Congressional district size = ~ 37,000 people. 1900: Total population: ~ 76 million people. 1901: 386 Representatives. Average Congressional district size = ~ 195,000 people. 2000: Total population: ~ 281 million people. 2001: 435 Representatives. Average Congressional district size = ~ 647,000 people. Ever get the feeling your voice is getting drowned out? (You=[:(!] ) [%|] [>:/] [:|] [>(] [:E] [:(!] [8P] [@:D] [:K] [):)] [:o)] The Founding Fathers foresaw this yet couldn't muster enough delegates to ratify a solution.
Link Posted: 12/15/2003 9:42:52 PM EDT
[Last Edit: 12/15/2003 9:43:16 PM EDT by The_Macallan]
Wow. So much for BOR Day festivities 'round here. [:|]
Link Posted: 12/15/2003 11:04:55 PM EDT
I had a history text book, and in the copy of the constitution in the back, it had lines through text that is no longer in effect. The Second Ammendment had a line right through it.
Top Top