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9/22/2017 12:11:25 AM
Posted: 8/8/2005 7:22:12 AM EDT
[Last Edit: 8/8/2005 8:06:02 AM EDT by RugerNiner]
This is from the Washington Post 08/08/05

War Plans Drafted To Counter Terror Attacks in U.S.

By Bradley Graham

COLORADO SPRINGS -- The U.S. military has devised its first-ever war plans
for guarding against and responding to terrorist attacks in the United States,
envisioning 15 potential crisis scenarios and anticipating several simultaneous
strikes around the country, according to officers who drafted the plans.

The classified plans, developed here at Northern Command headquarters, outline
a variety of possible roles for quick-reaction forces estimated at as many as
3,000 ground troops per attack, a number that could easily grow depending on
the extent of the damage and the abilities of civilian response teams.

The possible scenarios range from "low end," relatively modest crowd-control
missions to "high-end," full-scale disaster management after catastrophic
attacks such as the release of a deadly biological agent or the explosion of a
radiological device, several officers said.

Some of the worst-case scenarios involve three attacks at the same time, in
keeping with a Pentagon directive earlier this year ordering Northcom, as the
command is called, to plan for multiple simultaneous attacks.

The war plans represent a historic shift for the Pentagon, which has been
reluctant to become involved in domestic operations and is legally constrained
from engaging in law enforcement. Indeed, defense officials continue to stress
that they intend for the troops to play largely a supporting role in homeland
emergencies, bolstering police, firefighters and other civilian response

But the new plans provide for what several senior officers acknowledged is the
likelihood that the military will have to take charge in some situations,
especially when dealing with mass-casualty attacks that could quickly overwhelm
civilian resources.

"In my estimation, [in the event of] a biological, a chemical or nuclear
attack in any of the 50 states, the Department of Defense is best positioned --
of the various eight federal agencies that would be involved -- to take the
lead," said Adm. Timothy J. Keating, the head of Northcom, which coordinates
military involvement in homeland security operations.

The plans present the Pentagon with a clearer idea of the kinds and numbers of
troops and the training that may be required to build a more credible homeland
defense force. They come at a time when senior Pentagon officials are engaged
in an internal, year-long review of force levels and weapons systems,
attempting to balance the heightened requirements of homeland defense against
the heavy demands of overseas deployments in Iraq, Afghanistan and elsewhere.

Keating expressed confidence that existing military assets are sufficient to
meet homeland security needs. Maj. Gen. Richard J. Rowe, Northcom's chief
operations officer, agreed, but he added that "stress points" in some military
capabilities probably would result if troops were called on to deal with
multiple homeland attacks.

Several people on the staff here and at the Pentagon said in interviews that
the debate and analysis within the U.S. government regarding the extent of the
homeland threat and the resources necessary to guard against it remain far from

The command's plans consist of two main documents. One, designated CONPLAN
2002 and consisting of more than 1,000 pages, is said to be a sort of umbrella
document that draws together previously issued orders for homeland missions and
covers air, sea and land operations. It addresses not only post-attack
responses but also prevention and deterrence actions aimed at intercepting
threats before they reach the United States.

The other, identified as CONPLAN 0500, deals specifically with managing the
consequences of attacks represented by the 15 scenarios.

CONPLAN 2002 has passed a review by the Pentagon's Joint Staff and is due to
go soon to Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld and top aides for further study
and approval, the officers said. CONPLAN 0500 is still undergoing final
drafting here. (CONPLAN stands for "concept plan" and tends to be an
abbreviated version of an OPLAN, or "operations plan," which specifies forces
and timelines for movement into a combat zone.)

The plans, like much else about Northcom, mark a new venture by a U.S.
military establishment still trying to find its comfort level with the idea of
a greater homeland defense role after the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks.

Military officers and civilian Pentagon policymakers say they recognize, on
one hand, that the armed forces have much to offer not only in numbers of
troops but also in experience managing crises and responding to emergencies. On
the other hand, they worry that too much involvement in homeland missions would
diminish the military's ability to deal with threats abroad.

The Pentagon's new homeland defense strategy, issued in June, emphasized in
boldface type that "domestic security is primarily a civilian law enforcement
function." Still, it noted the possibility that ground troops might be sent
into action on U.S. soil to counter security threats and deal with major

"For the Pentagon to acknowledge that it would have to respond to catastrophic
attack and needs a plan was a big step," said James Carafano, who follows
homeland security issues for the Heritage Foundation, a conservative Washington
think tank.

William M. Arkin, a defense specialist who has reported on Northcom's war
planning, said the evolution of the Pentagon's thinking reflects the
recognition of an obvious gap in civilian resources.

Since Northcom's inception in October 2002, its headquarters staff has grown
to about 640 members, making it larger than the Southern Command, which
oversees operations in Latin America, but smaller than the regional commands
for Europe, the Middle East and the Pacific. A brief tour late last month of
Northcom's operations center at Peterson Air Force Base found officers
monitoring not only aircraft and ship traffic around the United States but also
the Discovery space shuttle mission, the National Scout Jamboree in Virginia,
several border surveillance operations and a few forest firefighting efforts.

Pentagon authorities have rejected the idea of creating large standing units
dedicated to homeland missions. Instead, they favor a "dual-use" approach,
drawing on a common pool of troops trained both for homeland and overseas

Particular reliance is being placed on the National Guard, which is expanding
a network of 22-member civil support teams to all states and forming about a
dozen 120-member regional response units. Congress last year also gave the
Guard expanded authority under Title 32 of the U.S. Code to perform such
homeland missions as securing power plants and other critical facilities.

But the Northcom commander can quickly call on active-duty forces as well. On
top of previous powers to send fighter jets into the air, Keating earlier this
year gained the authority to dispatch Navy and Coast Guard ships to deal with
suspected threats off U.S. coasts. He also has immediate access to four active-
duty Army battalions based around the country, officers here said.

Nonetheless, when it comes to ground forces possibly taking a lead role in
homeland operations, senior Northcom officers remain reluctant to discuss
specifics. Keating said such situations, if they arise, probably would be
temporary, with lead responsibility passing back to civilian authorities.

Military exercises code-named Vital Archer, which involve troops in lead
roles, are shrouded in secrecy. By contrast, other homeland exercises featuring
troops in supporting roles are widely publicized.

Civil liberties groups have warned that the military's expanded involvement in
homeland defense could bump up against the Posse Comitatus Act of 1878, which
restricts the use of troops in domestic law enforcement. But Pentagon
authorities have told Congress they see no need to change the law.

According to military lawyers here, the dispatch of ground troops would most
likely be justified on the basis of the president's authority under Article 2
of the Constitution to serve as commander in chief and protect the nation. The
Posse Comitatus Act exempts actions authorized by the Constitution.

"That would be the place we would start from" in making the legal case, said
Col. John Gereski, a senior Northcom lawyer.

But Gereski also said he knew of no court test of this legal argument, and
Keating left the door open to seeking an amendment of the Posse Comitatus Act.

One potentially tricky area, the admiral said, involves National Guard
officers who are put in command of task forces that include active-duty as well
as Guard units -- an approach first used last year at the Group of Eight summit
in Georgia. Guard troops, acting under state control, are exempt from Posse
Comitatus prohibitions.

"It could be a challenge for the commander who's a Guardsman, if we end up in
a fairly complex, dynamic scenario," Keating said. He cited a potential
situation in which Guard units might begin rounding up people while regular
forces could not.

The command's sensitivity to legal issues, Gereski said, is reflected in the
unusually large number of lawyers on staff here -- 14 compared with 10 or fewer
at other commands. One lawyer serves full time at the command's Combined
Intelligence and Fusion Center, which joins military analysts with law
enforcement and counterintelligence specialists from such civilian agencies as
the FBI, the CIA and the Secret Service.

A senior supervisor at the facility said the staff there does no intelligence
collection, only analysis.

He also said the military operates under long-standing rules intended to
protect civilian liberties. The rules, for instance, block military access to
intelligence information on political dissent or purely criminal activity.

Even so, the center's lawyer is called on periodically to rule on the
appropriateness of some kinds of information-sharing. Asked how frequently such
cases arise, the supervisor recalled two in the previous 10 days, but he
declined to provide specifics.
Link Posted: 8/8/2005 7:23:22 AM EDT
[Last Edit: 8/8/2005 8:08:02 AM EDT by RikWriter]
Link Posted: 8/8/2005 7:23:27 AM EDT
Martial Law
Link Posted: 8/8/2005 7:24:37 AM EDT
You know it is.
Link Posted: 8/8/2005 7:25:17 AM EDT
For the record, these kinds of plans calling for internal deployment of the military
in crisis situations have been around since the 1950's and the beginning of the
Cold War. Don't think you've uncovered some "new" idea.

Link Posted: 8/8/2005 7:29:44 AM EDT

Originally Posted By MrClean4Hire:
You know it is.

No, I really don't.
Link Posted: 8/8/2005 7:31:56 AM EDT
Ain't gonna happen.

Link Posted: 8/8/2005 7:32:14 AM EDT
It all depends on what the Future has in store for the U.S.
Link Posted: 8/8/2005 7:34:48 AM EDT
"...against all enemies, foreign and domestic..."
Link Posted: 8/8/2005 7:35:27 AM EDT
Is that as bad as MARITAL LAW?
Link Posted: 8/8/2005 7:35:43 AM EDT
[Last Edit: 8/8/2005 7:36:07 AM EDT by NewbHunter]
Link Posted: 8/8/2005 7:36:58 AM EDT
marshall law? oh no!
Link Posted: 8/8/2005 7:37:48 AM EDT

Originally Posted By RikWriter:

Originally Posted By MrClean4Hire:
You know it is.

No, I really don't.

All it takes is one or more dirty bombs and public hysteria.
Link Posted: 8/8/2005 7:43:02 AM EDT

Originally Posted By MrClean4Hire:

Originally Posted By RikWriter:

Originally Posted By MrClean4Hire:
You know it is.

No, I really don't.

All it takes is one or more dirty bombs and public hysteria.

Yeah, but I don't see it happening in the near future.
Link Posted: 8/8/2005 7:48:24 AM EDT

The classified plans, developed here at Northern Command headquarters, outline
a variety of possible roles for quick-reaction forces

Whenever you see the word "classified" in the news describing a military plan, the BS flag needs to go up IMMEDIATELY.

Link Posted: 8/8/2005 7:51:22 AM EDT

Originally Posted By cwd10:
Is that as bad as MARITAL LAW?

You beat me to it!
Link Posted: 8/8/2005 7:52:20 AM EDT
[Last Edit: 8/8/2005 7:56:22 AM EDT by HRoark]
Who is this Marshall Law guy, and what does he have to do with me?

Is he related to Judge Dredd?
Link Posted: 8/8/2005 7:56:09 AM EDT

Originally Posted By RikWriter:

Originally Posted By MrClean4Hire:

Originally Posted By RikWriter:

Originally Posted By MrClean4Hire:
You know it is.

No, I really don't.

All it takes is one or more dirty bombs and public hysteria.

Yeah, but I don't see it happening in the near future.

Maybe not the near future, but one day.
Link Posted: 8/8/2005 7:57:17 AM EDT
Yes...and guess who GWB is putting in control.

That's right!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Me and my action figures
Link Posted: 8/8/2005 7:57:20 AM EDT
Are we talking about the Marshall "Plan"?
Link Posted: 8/8/2005 7:57:45 AM EDT
FEMA, REX-84, NWO, the Trilateral Commission,
the Illuminati...

now "Marshall Law"...we're DOOOOOOOMED!

Link Posted: 8/8/2005 7:59:25 AM EDT

Originally Posted By sgtar15:
Yes...and guess who GWB is putting in control.

That's right!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Me and my action figures

You do look a little like a tall Marshall Mathers....
Link Posted: 8/8/2005 8:00:34 AM EDT
Link Posted: 8/8/2005 8:01:35 AM EDT
probably, sometime, somewhere...why the big fuss?
Link Posted: 8/8/2005 8:03:28 AM EDT
You know on 9/11 after the wife and I got back from getting an extra $800.00 food and 5 gal. jugs of water I was in my gun room loading AR mags.
My wife came down and said "do you really think the terrorists will attack us here in jersey?"

I said no they are cowards who only attack innocents who can't see them coming.
She said "why all the extra groceries and mags??

To protect us from the consequences of Martial Law.
I explained that the stores only have enough food for three days and as we were leaving there was a horde of people descending on the store.
The economically disadvantaged people who lived on the other side of town and a great many places in jersey would seek food and maybe even riot if the govt trucks don't bring food in time.
I wasn't panicked and I don't regret taking extra step to insure my families safety.

The simple fact is some people don't have two days worth of food in their house and they might like to try and take yours in the unlikely event of Martial Law being declared .
Link Posted: 8/8/2005 8:03:59 AM EDT

Originally Posted By fight4yourrights:
Martial Law

Beat me to it!
Link Posted: 8/8/2005 8:05:00 AM EDT
Well, duh. If we have multiple large scale attacks of course the military will be involved. I never thought otherwise. This is nothing more but a plan.
Link Posted: 8/8/2005 8:07:26 AM EDT
Main Entry: martial law
Function: noun
1 : the law applied in occupied territory by the military authority of the occupying power
2 : the law administered by military forces that is invoked by a government in an emergency when the civilian law enforcement agencies are unable to maintain public order and safety
Link Posted: 8/8/2005 8:24:28 AM EDT

Originally Posted By sgtar15:
Yes...and guess who GWB is putting in control.

That's right!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Me and my action figures dolls

<<Fixed it for you!>>
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