Older adults can remain independent and reduce their chances of falling. They can:
Exercise regularly. It is important that the exercises focus
on increasing leg strength and improving balance, and that they get more challenging over time. Tai Chi programs are especially good.
(***)Ask their doctor or pharmacist to review their medicines—both prescription and over-the counter—to identify medicines that may cause side effects or interactions such as dizziness or drowsiness.
(This is one of the big ones, polypharmacy is out of control in this country among the elderly population.) Make sure you get a list together or any meds that may be coming from EVERY doctor and make sure they are all aware of each others scripts.
Have their eyes checked by an eye doctor at least once a year and update their eyeglasses to maximize their vision. Consider getting a pair with single vision distance lenses for some activities such as walking outside.
Make their homes safer by reducing tripping hazards, adding grab bars inside and outside the tub or shower and next to the toilet, adding railings on both sides of stairways and improving the lighting in their homes.
Translation... Make sure every stairway is well lit, day and night, nightlights or floor leds are good options.
Make sure the path from the bed to the bathroom is also well lit both day and night. Again motion activated night lights are simple and cheap
Throw out every single throw run that currently resides in their home, even with a rubber mattte, it is unlikely that it will get replaced or readjusted once the matte shifts or tears.
-people laugh but don't come in and reaarrange your parents furniture on them.
Do a once over of all the cubbords and cabinets in the kitchen and elsewhere and make sure that any commonly used items are available at arms reach.
police up any electrical cords that might pose tripping hazards.
Go buy a couple or 10 pairs of those socks with the non skid soles, same goes with tossing out any slippers or footwear that isn't flat with a decent non skid sole of some kind.
To lower their hip fracture risk, older adults can:
Get adequate calcium and vitamin D—from food and/or from supplements.
Do weight bearing exercise.
Get screened and, if needed, treated for osteoporosis.